Alice Guy-Blaché: the first female film director

I’m pretty sure that everyone knows about the Lumiere brothers and the very first movies of human history. From 1896, the newly invented cinematograph became a passion for thousands of people from all over the world and the era of cinematography begun. Now, the world knows hundreds of names of famous male film directors,  but what about the women?

Alice Guy-Blaché, the first female film director, is one of the most important figures in the history of cinematography. In the 1980s, Léon Gaumont, a French inventor, and engineer hired her in his still-photography company as a secretary. Soon, Gaumont’s company went out of business, and he opened a new company that aimed to develop the motion picture industry in France. Alice Guy joined Gaumont and soon started producing and directing, films, and writing scripts.


In 1986 she created the world’s first narrative film called La Fée aux Choux (The Cabbage Fairy).  In the 1900s, she was the only female film director in the world. Until 1906, Alice Guy continued working in Léon Gaumont’s company. She was also cooperating with Auguste and Louis Lumière and George Méliès. She was the first to explore dance films and was also first to experiment sound syncing system.

The Cabbage Fairy (1986)

In 1907 she married with Herbert Blaché, and soon they opened The Solax Company, first Pre-Hollywood studio in the USA. Together with her husband, Alice Guy produced more than 100 films and contributed to the development of the movie industry in the US.

During her lifetime, Alice Guy Blaché produced more than 700 films including The Life of Christ (1906), Two Little Rangers (1912), and Le Tango (1905).

Let’s enjoy some of the beauties of wonderful Alice Guy Blaché

Heroine (1907)


Serpentine Dance by Lina Esbrard (1902)


By Arpine Haroyan


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