On March 18, 1965, the first spacewalk in human history took place: the Soviet cosmonaut, Alexei Leonov for 12 minutes and 9 seconds, was in an airless space, overboard “Vosckhod-2” spaceship.
Development of spacewalk technology was part of the Soviet mission to the Moon. This technology afforded the cosmonaut to go to the lunar module. Besides, USSR knew that the United States planned the flight with the attempt of astronaut’s spacewalk in May 1965.
Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov was born on May 30, 1934, in the village of Listvyanka in the Kemerovo Region.
Particular attention Leonov paid to his physical training – every day he ran at leat 5 kilometers and swam 700 meters.
Pavel Ivanovich Belyaev was born on June 26, 1925, in the village of Chelishchevo in the Vologda region. In 1960 he was enrolled in the cosmonaut Soviet unit.
Many people thought that Pavel Belyaev is too old for such task. He was 40 at that moment. But since increased emotional stress was expected, the psychological stability of the crew had a particular importance.
The spaceship “Voskhod-2” launched on March 18, 1965, at 10:00 with Lieutenant-Colonel Pavel Belyaev and Major Alexei Leonov on board. To arrange a crew of a few people on the ship like “Voskhod,” constructor had to abandon the ejection seats, which made it impossible to rescue the astronauts in first 40 seconds of flight during carrier rocket crash. The risk was so high that after two launches this type of ships was no longer in use.
Author: David Pashinyan