The Wonderland Syndrome

Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a rare neurological condition named after the author of the famous novel who himself was suffering from the formerly mentioned disorder. Alice in Wonderland syndrome affects one’s perception. The syndrome includes a number of symptoms associated with an alternation of body image. People with Alice in Wonderland syndrome experience visual alternation in an incorrect perception of the sizes of both the body as well as external objects. The visual distortions caused by Alice in Wonderland syndrome include :

Micropsia (objects are perceived smaller than they are)
Macropsia (objects are perceived larger than they are )
Pelopsia (objects are perceived to be closer than they are)
Teleopsia (objects are perceived further away than they are)

Besides the distortion of visual perception the symptom affects one’s sense of time. For instance the time might seem to have a pace of a snail or in contrast , to pass way too fast. In some cases people experience strong hallucinations and visualize objects that are not there and thus have an incorrect perception of the current situation or event. Temporal lobe epilepsy, brain tumors, epstein–Barr virusmigraine and psychoactive drugs are the causes of Alice in Wonderland syndrome. Currently there are no proven effective treatments, however migraine prophylaxis and migraine diet are used for a treatment plan.



Gayane Hakobyan


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